According to a leading group against gun violence, the number of murders of transgender people almost doubled between 2017 and 2021, mostly due to firearm killings.
Known transgender homicides rose 93% during that four-year period — from 29 in 2017 to 56 in 2021 — and 73% of those people were killed with a firearm, according to a report by Everytown for Gun Safety released Tuesday, which outlines the impact analyzed gun violence in LGBTQ communities.
The Everytown Report found that black transgender people, particularly transgender women, were the most likely to be killed — echoing previous analysis that found the transgender community is facing higher rates of violence.
According to the report, 73% of prosecuted homicides between 2017 and 2021 involved Black trans women, despite an estimated 13% of the transgender population.
Overall, US homicides increased 20.6% from 19,510 to 24,576 from 2017 to 2020, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Citing a June letter from the Justice Department based on data from 2017 to 2020, Everytown reported that LGBTQ people are more likely than other groups to be victims of violence.
Gay people are “more than twice as likely to experience violent victimization as straight people,” according to the Everytown report. “Transgender people are 2.5 times more likely to be victims of violence than cisgender people. And bisexual people were seven times more likely to be victims of violence than straight people.”
More generally, Everytown found that, based on an average from a self-reported annual victim survey from 2010 to 2021, there are estimated to be more than 25,000 hate crimes involving a firearm in the United States each year.
“Hate is far deadlier when armed with a gun,” the report said.
The Everytown report, in collaboration with LGBTQ advocacy groups, the Equality Federation and the Human Rights Campaign, acknowledges some limitations in the available data. Among other sources, it relied only on known transgender homicides and estimates of the LGBTQ community, the annual victim survey, and statistics from the CDC for its conclusions on LGBTQ youth.
LGBTQ violence does not spare children and young adults, the report found: A human rights campaign analysis of public data from the CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System showed that 17% of LGBTQ youth — including 29% of transgender youth — and 30 % affected Survey of youth who have been threatened or injured with a gun on school property.
LGBTQ people also see higher suicide rates: 40% of transgender people reported attempting suicide, according to the 2015 nonprofit US Transgender Survey. That was almost nine times the national average. The Trevor Project’s 2022 survey found that LGBTQ youth aged 13 to 24 had also seriously considered suicide – one in five had attempted it.
Ninety percent of all gun suicide attempts are fatal, according to statistics cited by Everytown from 2007-2014. says the report.
The report attributes the “greater risk of suicide” to social stigma, family rejection, bullying, harassment and abuse – and ties the data on suicide and homicide to a political climate in which states are focusing on laws targeting LGBTQ groups aim
According to the advocacy group Southern Poverty Law Center, the number of anti-LGBTQ hate groups also increased by 43% from 2018 to 2019.
“This report shows what we have sadly learned to be true: when the rights and existence of LGBTQ+ people are at stake, it creates a culture where hate crimes are commonplace,” said Fran Hutchins, executive director of the Equality Federation, in a statement. “Easy access to firearms coupled with state lawmakers fueling anti-LGBTQ+ rhetoric and attacks on transgender rights has created an environment that can be fatal to our community.”
Everytown’s new report renews the group’s calls for additional gun control laws that Republican critics have long held ineffective or unconstitutional.
From suicides to anti-trans violence, “our community has suffered terribly from our country’s inadequate gun safety laws,” argues the report.
The report recommends passing the Disarm Hate Act — which would ban people from owning a gun if they are convicted or convicted of a hate crime — and creating federal domestic terrorism agencies.
According to the Everytown report, offices focused on domestic terrorism in different government departments would support a coordinated effort and response to white supremacists, extremist groups and other domestic threats.