Sunday, September 25, 2022

In a UN speech, the Mexican minister proposes a committee to mediate the end of the Ukraine war

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Mexico’s Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard Casaubon said the committee would include Pope Francis, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

22 September (News) — After the United Nations Security Council failed to prevent the war in Ukraine or implement measures to end it, Mexico on Wednesday proposed world leaders to set up a new committee to seek a peaceful solution to the conflict to mediate.

He said the purpose of the committee is to create dialogue and peace in Ukraine by establishing a peace mechanism that will facilitate mediation between Kyiv and Moscow.

The committee will also support and encourage Guterres’ efforts, within the framework of the United Nations, to build trust between the belligerent nations to ease tensions and end the war, he said, adding that Mexico is holding consultations with other member states on the proposal will continue in the hope of gaining their support for the mechanism.

“We all need to provide a complementary mechanism so that we can interact with the parties to the conflict, so that we can bring about the necessary mediation,” he said.

The proposal came days after Modi met Russian President Vladimir Putin in Uzbekistan on the sidelines of the 22nd meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

During a Sept. 16 press conference, Modi told Putin that “today’s era is not an era of war,” while calling for democracy, diplomacy and dialogue to end the war.

During the face-to-face meeting, Putin also acknowledged India’s opposition to his war, stating, “I know your position on the conflict in Ukraine and I know your concerns.”

“And we want all of this to end as soon as possible,” he said.

Modi’s accusation of war comes as New Delhi has sought to maintain its ties with Moscow and has been reluctant to openly condemn Russia over the conflict.

Casaubon said Wednesday the war had begun and was ongoing because the 15-member UN Security Council “failed to fulfill its mandate”.

He criticized the council, of which Mexico is a non-permanent member, for being unable to initiate a diplomatic process to initiate negotiations, ensuring necessary humanitarian assistance is provided, or the efforts of Guterres or others openly supported nations in this matter.

The Mexican minister blamed the “paralysis of the Security Council” on its “abuse of the so-called veto power” by its five permanent members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States.

In April, the United Nations passed Resolution 76/262, which triggers a General Assembly meeting if vetoed, allowing member states to debate, consider and comment on its use.

Casaubon said this is a step in the right direction, but the veto power needs to be further reformed so that it can only be used in mass atrocity situations.

“We must now decide whether or not to take further steps to prevent this system from becoming even more paralyzed in the face of mass suffering,” he said.

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