Tuesday, May 10, 2022

Every single one of the 38 new laws in the Queen’s speech and what they would mean to you

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The legislation’s bumper list includes new plans to limit student numbers and new measures to protect tenants

The list of proposed laws ranges from strengthening tenants’ rights to paving the way for scientists to genetically edit crops and livestock.

Boris Johnson’s government is set to present a bumper legislative program of 38 bills in the Queen’s speech to give a boost to his stalled prime ministership.

Here’s the full list and how they may affect you:

Animal welfare (kept animals) bill.

The legislation will ban the export of live animals, combat pup smuggling and ban the keeping of primates as pets without permits. It will create a new pet kidnapping offense amid a surge in puppy thefts. The bill will also update the Zoo Licensing Act 1981 to improve enforcement and strengthen conservation requirements for zoos.

Bill of Rights

Justice Secretary Dominic Raab has promised far-reaching reforms to prevent those convicted of serious crimes from escaping deportation and reduced their prison terms on human rights grounds. He claims a UK Bill of Rights would limit the application of the “right to family life” in certain court proceedings without undermining the rights currently enjoyed by the general public.
The bill will defend freedom of expression and “restore common sense to our judicial system,” the government said.

Brexit Freedoms Bill

This far-reaching law gives ministers the power to repeal various pieces of EU legislation that have entered the UK statute book without requiring a special vote in the House of Commons. Opponents have warned it will increase ministers’ powers at the expense of Parliament. It will also assert the sovereignty of the UK Parliament by removing the supremacy of retained EU law over UK law in the legal system – a move being hailed by Brexiteers.

Data Reform Bill

The government wants to change the UK’s obligations under GDPR, the EU’s data protection law, which is also written in UK law but can now be changed post-Brexit. It will simplify data protection legislation and make it easier for companies to comply with it.

Bill reforming the Mental Health Act

Doctors’ powers to hold people against their will will be reduced, and patients will have a greater say in their treatment. People living with autism or who have a learning disability but do not have a mental illness can no longer be incarcerated unless specifically ordered by a court.

Energy Security Act

This implements the government’s new energy strategy to increase energy security by supporting a low-carbon energy system and reducing the country’s long-term dependence on gas. It will extend the energy price cap beyond 2023 to ensure consumers are protected from unfair prices.

Financial Services and Markets Act

Post-Brexit reforms in the City that ministers hope will attract financial firms to the UK and maintain London’s position as the main banking center in Europe. It will cut red tape and reform the rules that regulate UK capital markets to encourage investment.

High Speed ​​Train (Crewe – Manchester) Bill

The bill will give powers to build and operate the next stage of the HS2 network between Crewe and Manchester. Completion of the program and start of the new rail services is expected between 2035-41.

Higher Education (Freedom of Speech) Bill.

A bill banning the practice of “no platforming” by certain speakers and giving them the right to compensation if they are denied speaking at universities is likely to spark heated debates in the House of Commons.

Higher Education Act

It will enable the introduction of lifetime loan eligibility, allowing people to retrain at any time. It will give people a loan equivalent to four years of education, £37,000 in today’s fees, to use towards a range of studies over their lifetime, including shorter and technical courses. It will also ensure that higher education has reasonable fee caps.

Level up and Regeneration Bill

The bill would turn the government’s flagship “leveling” plans into law. It will make government legally obliged to report on its progress in reducing disparities between different parts of the UK and give new powers to local leaders.

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