The country is set to become the first in the UK to introduce a mandatory licensing system aimed at reducing infection and poor work practices.
Clinics that offer semi-permanent make-up, acupuncturists and electrolysis providers must also register.
Around 3,500 practitioners operating in Wales need to be licensed and 1,868 premises need to be approved under the new mandatory licensing scheme.
The Welsh Government has launched a 12 week consultation to gather the views of all stakeholders including practitioners, local authorities and the public.
Ash Davies, the owner of Cardiff’s Stronghold Tattoo Studio, has welcomed the new rules.
He said: “I think it’s great that Wales is at the forefront of raising standards in the UK. Any rise in standards is a positive thing and should be welcomed.
“The standards of tattoo quality have risen dramatically in recent years – the intrinsic quality of the tattoo – so it’s important to ensure that the level of hygiene matches the quality.”
Ash continued: “It’s so important to maintain the highest possible standard. Without good hygiene, a tattoo, no matter how well placed, will not heal properly and will not look good for a lifetime.”
“Demand is high at the moment. More visible tattoos are also more popular these days.”
Chief Medical Officer Frank Atherton said he was very pleased with the changes, which were “widely welcomed by practitioners.”
“Good standards of hygiene and infection control by all practitioners and specialty procedure companies are vital, as these procedures can be harmful if not performed properly,” he said.
“This new compulsory licensing regime will ensure that both customers and practitioners are adequately protected at all times. I am delighted that these forthcoming changes have been widely welcomed by practitioners in Wales and many have already volunteered to meet the new standards.”
Mr Atherton added: “We welcome responses to the consultation from all stakeholders, but particularly self-employed practitioners and small businesses.”